Even today agriculture is a major sector and occupies a very important place in the economy of Pakistan. It not only provides food for our growing population but is a source of raw materials for our principal industries as well as a source of foreign exchange for our government. In addition to this major large scale industries like cotton textile and sugar etc. Following are the causes of our backwardness in agriculture:
Pakistan has great agricultural potential because of its alluvial soils. Neighboring India and Bangladesh have shown significant improvement in their agriculture sector unlike Pakistan. Where China is growing padi crops in Gobi desert, Pakistan is still relying on perennial canal system of irrigation.
Let us make an attempt to study the agricultural profile of Pakistan followed by a brief discussion on problems in this sector. Very few showers are received during winters. Droughts and floods formulate a permanent feature of the area.
Pakistan receives seasonal showers due to which most of the agricultural land must be irrigated and agricultural output is largely affected by the climatic variations and global warming.
Problems of Agriculture in Pakistan Irrigation issues Quite unfortunately, network of water channels existing in Pakistan has become redundant.
But today, Pakistan is deprived of the modern ways of irrigation that is drip and sprinkle irrigation. A huge amount of water is lost due to seepage and evaporation. Moreover, due to problem of distribution of water in fields, farmers do not practice the standard water required in fields.
Thus, this leads to mismanagement of water. Water issues In Pakistan, construction of water reservoirs has become a matter of political tussle.
Due to which construction of dams has been in halt since last major project of Terbela. Indus Basin Treaty has failed to stop India from constructing water reservoirs on the channels flowing to Pakistan. However, Pakistan consistently failed to establish its view point on international forums.
The present canal water is not effectively used in our irrigation system. Due to shortage of canal water farmers have to use tube well water. This water is brackish and having higher concentration of different salts and enhances the problem of soil salinity.
From northern highlands to the coastline of Karachi, Pakistan has diverse range of forests from coniferous to mangroves respectively.
However, deforestation is the result of increased and unplanned urbanization. Therefore, expanding urban units grow at the cost of trees. This is not only causing environmental hazards, but also accentuating the impacts of global warming.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto introduced more reforms in The most important change was that individual holdings, including shares in shamilat, if any, in excess of acres of irrigated land or acres of un-irrigated land.
Furthermore, notwithstanding the above, no land holding could be greater than an area equivalent to 8, PIU. However, these laws were declared in contradiction to Islam and have ceased to be in effect since Thus, absence of land reforms has always caused a lot of damage to the agricultural sector of Pakistan.
Salinity and water logging Due to excessive use of canal water, most of cultivated lands have become victims of these two dangerous diseases.Photos Pakistani Villages.
Editor’s Note: Rare black & white village life photos dating back to s are in the last portion of this post. Pakistan is an agriculture based country and most of the population lives in the rural areas. People living in the villages have their own way of life which is .
Agriculture degrees are highly interdisciplinary, requiring students to have a good grasp of natural and social sciences. From course structure to career options, this guide outlines all you need to know about agriculture degrees. Custom Search Country Studies Index.
The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization Era and even before that in some parts of Southern India. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm kaja-net.comlture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries accounted for % of the GDP (gross domestic product) in , about 50% of the workforce.
The economic contribution of agriculture to India's GDP is. Agriculture is a vital sector of Pakistan's economy and accounted for percent of GDP in , according to government estimates.
Challenges Faced By Pakistan's Agriculture Sector By Maheen Taraq The economy of Pakistan depends heavily on agriculture. Importance of this sector is manifold as it feeds people, provides raw material for industry and is the base of our foreign trade.