Examples include cranial bones protecting the brainthe sternum and ribs protecting the organs in the thoraxand the scapulae shoulder blades.
By the end of this section, you will be able to: List and describe the functions of the skeletal system Attribute specific functions of the skeletal system to specific components or structures The skeletal system is the body system composed of bones, cartilages, ligaments and other tissues that perform essential functions for the human body.
Bone tissue, or osseous tissue, is a hard, dense connective tissue that forms most of the adult Function of the skeletal system, the internal support structure of the body. In the areas of the skeleton where whole bones move against each other for example, joints like the shoulder or between the bones of the spinecartilages, a semi-rigid form of connective tissue, provide flexibility and smooth surfaces for movement.
Additionally, ligaments composed of dense connective tissue surround these joints, tying skeletal elements together a ligament is the dense connective tissue that connect bones to other bones.
Together, they perform the following functions: Functions of the skeletal system. Support, Movement, and Protection Some functions of the skeletal system are more readily observable than others.
When you move you can feel how your bones support you, facilitate your movement, and protect the soft organs of your body. Just as the steel beams of a building provide a scaffold to support its weight, the bones and cartilages of your skeletal system compose the scaffold that supports the rest of your body.
Without the skeletal system, you would be a limp mass of organs, muscle, and skin. Bones facilitate movement by serving as points of attachment for your muscles.
Bones also protect internal organs from injury by covering or surrounding them. For example, your ribs protect your lungs and heart, the bones of your vertebral column spine protect your spinal cord, and the bones of your cranium skull protect your brain see figure 6.
For one, the bone tissue acts as a reservoir for a number of minerals important to the functioning of the body, especially calcium, and phosphorus. These minerals, incorporated into bone tissue, can be released back into the bloodstream to maintain levels needed to support physiological processes.
Bones also serve as a site for fat storage and blood cell production. The unique connective tissue that fills the interior of most bones is referred to as bone marrow. There are two types of bone marrow: Yellow bone marrow contains adipose tissue, and the triglycerides stored in the adipocytes of this tissue can be released to serve as a source of energy for other tissues of the body.
Red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are all produced in the red bone marrow. Yellow bone marrow stores fat and red bone marrow is responsible for producing blood cells hematopoiesis.
Career Connection — Orthopedist An orthopedist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders and injuries related to the musculoskeletal system. Some orthopedic problems can be treated with medications, exercises, braces, and other devices, but others may be best treated with surgery Figure 6.
An orthopedist will sometimes prescribe the use of a brace that reinforces the underlying bone structure it is being used to support. In recent years, orthopedists have even performed prenatal surgery to correct spina bifida, a congenital defect in which the neural canal in the spine of the fetus fails to close completely during embryologic development.
Orthopedists commonly treat bone and joint injuries but they also treat other bone conditions including curvature of the spine. Lateral curvatures scoliosis can be severe enough to slip under the shoulder blade scapula forcing it up as a hump.
Spinal curvatures can also be excessive dorsoventrally kyphosis causing a hunch back and thoracic compression.Note: Knowledge of the structure and function of bones and aspects of skeletal system generally are essential parts of training in human biology, medicine and associated health sciences.
This page is intended to include the detail required for most Basic / First Level Courses in . The adult human skeletal system consists of bones, as well as a network of tendons, ligaments and cartilage that connects them. The skeletal system performs vital functions — support.
The skeletal bones are held together by ligaments, and tendons attach the muscles to the bones of the skeleton. The muscular and skeletal systems work together as the musculoskeletal system, which enables body movement and kaja-net.comd: Jun 17, List and describe the functions of the skeletal system Bone, or osseous tissue, is a hard, dense connective tissue that forms most of the adult skeleton, the support structure of the body.
In the areas of the skeleton where bones move (for example, the ribcage and joints), cartilage, a semi-rigid form of connective tissue, provides.
Nov 17, · The skeletal system in the body provides the shape, supports and protects organs and the soft areas of the body. Its others functions are bodily movement, producing blood . The skeletal system is the body system composed of bones, cartilages, ligaments and other tissues that perform essential functions for the human body.