Background[ edit ] The famine occurred in the territory which was called Bengalthen ruled by the British East India Company. It was earlier a province of the Mughal empire from the 16th century and was ruled by a nawabor governor. In early 18th century, as the Mughal empire started collapsing, the nawab became effectively independent of the Mughal rule. At this time the Company was effectively another tributary power of the Mughal.
Geographical extent[ edit ] British India in The British Raj extended over almost all present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, except for small holdings by other European nations such as Goa and Pondicherry. Burma was separated from India and directly administered by the British Crown from until its independence in The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf and the states under the Persian Gulf Residency were theoretically princely states as well as Presidencies and provinces of British India until and used the rupee as their unit of currency.
Ceylon was part of Madras Presidency between and British India and the Princely States[ edit ] Main articles: The expression "India" shall mean British India together with any territories of any native prince or chief under the suzerainty of Her Majesty exercised through the Governor-General of India, or through any governor or other officer subordinates to the Governor-General of India.
The passports issued by the British Indian government had the words "Indian Empire" on the cover and "Empire of India" on the inside. Suzerainty over princely states, some of the largest and most important, was exercised in the name of the British Crown by the central government of British India under the Viceroy ; the remaining approximately states were dependents of the provincial governments of British India under a Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or Chief Commissioner as the case might have been.Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and kaja-net.com Warren Hastings encouraged the publication of officially sanctioned newspapers to protect the image of the colonial government.
The first Indian newspaper was the weekly Bengal Gazette which was brought out by Gangadhar Bhattacharya. The Great Bengal Famine of (Bengali: ৭৬-এর মন্বন্তর, Chhiattōrer monnōntór; lit The Famine of '76) was a famine between and ( to in the Bengali calendar) that affected the lower Gangetic plain of India from Bihar to the Bengal kaja-net.comy: Company Raj.
Governor-General Warren Hastings consolidates control in India. Warren Hastings becomes the first Governor-General of India in , a position he holds until Hastings works quickly to consolidate the East India Company's control in India, removing power . The Hollywood Reporter is your source for breaking news about Hollywood and entertainment, including movies, TV, reviews and industry blogs.
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